British Journal of Applied Science & Technology
British Journal of Applied Science & Technology is dedicated to publish research papers, reviews, case studies and short communications from all disciplines of science and technology. By not excluding papers on the basis of subject area, BJAST facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. Subject areas cover, but not limited to, medicine, physics, chemistry, biology, environmental sciences, geology, engineering, agriculture, biotechnology, nanotechnology, arts, education, sociology and psychology, business and economics, finance, mathematics and statistics, computer science, social sciences, linguistics, architecture, industrial and all other science and engineering disciplines. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal. DOI of this journal is available here: http://dx.doi.org/10.9734/bjast (Link).
British Journal of Applied Science & Technology will have 36 issues per year. Each issue will be running issue and all officially accepted manuscripts will be immediately published online. State-of-the-art running issue concept gives authors the benefit of ‘Zero Waiting Time’ for the officially accepted manuscripts to be published.
Based on the alarming level of the problems associated with non-renewable energy sources, the critical effects of global warming and the need to curb environmental pollutions, there is now a shift of emphasis on serene renewable energy sources. Waste Vegetable Oil which refers to vegetable oil that has been used in food production and is no longer viable for its intended use is a potential feedstock for biodiesel production. The cost of production of biodiesel is high compared to conventional diesel fuel. However, it is cheaper to produce biodiesel from waste vegetable oil than pure vegetable oil. The conversion of waste vegetable oil to biodiesel using the acid esterification process followed by alkali transesterification in the laboratory and the subsequent determination of physicochemical properties of about four different blends of the produced biodiesel are undertaken in this study. The B100, having a percentage yield of about 95% with a density of 0.89 g/cm3, sulfur content of 2.30ppm, cloud, pour and flash points of 5ºC, 4ºC , 164ºC respectively; and viscosity of 4.7 mm2/sec at the temperature of 40ºC as the standard for biodiesel specification was obtained. The other blends performed reasonably well as the results lowered along with the composition. This study is therefore, necessary for new and existing Fast Food Companies, restaurant, hotel and biodiesel manufacturing companies to make decisions on ways of exploring the opportunities made available by the continual generation of waste vegetable oil as a result of the increasing population of Nigeria coupled with the resultant need for survival.
Waste vegetable oil; biodiesel; energy; environment.
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